You need to seed warm season grass (zoysia) in the spring. There are not specific products labeled to kill St. Augustine grass in zoysia, however many folks will either spot treat with a non-selective herbicide, or they will use a product that is labeled as safe for zoysia but not for St. Augustine. CitraBlue and Palmetto® St. Augustine are the best grasses for shade. That’s how tough and resilient this grass is. Zoysia grass does well in full sun and is tolerant of partial shade. Whether you’re replanting an existing lawn or choosing grass for a newly constructed landscape, you might be wondering: What type of grass is best for my Florida property? For most homeowners, St. Augustine grass is the go-to. This height reduction should be done just before the lawn greens up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. however, we hear that Zoysia uses less water and you mow it less. St. Augustine grass is a hardy turf with a thick blade that grows readily in Florida. Your cutting height should be fine. One such strain is Empire Zoysia. Agrostis is right about the amount 2lbs per 1000. Amazoy will choke out all existing cultivated and wild grasses, including Bermuda (often called wire grass) and St. Augustine. And when well maintained, this grass can also look great on a property. St. Augustine grass is a type of warm season grass that is popularly grown in the southern regions of the United States. Both Zoysia and St. Augustine grass offer some great features. Finally you’ll have to sprig or sod the St Augustine areas, as I don’t think seeds are available. Mow at a taller height to help shade out zoysia. Using the popular Zoysia Empire as an example, this grass establishes more quickly than some other Zoysia cultivars, is hardier and creates a tight carpet of soft, green grass. Call us today at (904) 230-3386. And grass growth even depends on the type of Zoysia or St. Augustine grass you choose. St. Augustine Grass; St. Augustine- This grass does not tolerate a lot of traffic. Zoysia grass is known for its ability to stand up to heat, drought, heavy foot traffic and a variety of other challenges. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove the dead material left from winter dormancy… I have a TTTF lawn seeded with a blend of top cultivars, 3rd Millennium, Rambler, and Cochise IV in the Charlotte NC - Fort Mill SC area. Commercial or residential, Taylor Anthony is prepared with the landscaping solution that is ideal for your situation. WillR – posted 29 July 2002 19:08. I really don't like the look of the full dormant winter warm seasons but these grasses seem to take the drought easier. I have also read you should put in zoysia around mid May to Mid June. This short video will explain the difference. Zoysia Grass . It’s surprising that St Augustine is as popular as it is because it is actually not very drought hearty and it consumes quite a bit of water. JavaScript is disabled. I have also heard you need to take the grass area to pure dirt to grow zoysia. Zoysia can regrow from small roots left in the soil, so pulling out the grass may compound the issue. You must log in or register to reply here. Let’s compare them so you can make the best choice for your landscape. Both zoysia and St. Augustine grasses are pretty shade tolerant compared to other turfgrass varieties. Both Bermuda and St. Augustine are warm-season grasses and will thrive a lot better in warm conditions. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. One other perk of Zoysia, is that certain types are chinch bug resistant. It is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. Choosing a good fertilizer for St Augustine grass can help bring it back to life quickly and prevent problems in the future. Whether Zoysia is right for you depends on where you live, your lawn care goals, and how you use your lawn. The best fertilizers for Zoysia grass have a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium, or N, P and K. per 1000 sq. A healthy lawn requires the right grass for our temperamental North Texas climate. The growth habits of Zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass are quite different. ft. after the last frost in the spring. Many who move to the South mistakenly believe that St. Augustine lawns can be installed the same way that their northern bluegrass or fescue lawns were installed. I would have 100% zoysia. IF you do NOT want to kill your existing lawn.. then you should consider planting zoysia grass plugs and NOT seeds. Sometimes it can be joked that it will grow on concrete. This has produced a great looking lawn but with the drought we are in and the seemingly fact that my yard never gets any rain when it does rain, I am having to irrigate the lawn an extreme amount to keep the grass from browning and thinning out (which it is in some areas of the front yard with lots of full sun). Irrigate 3-4 times per week during the summer to keep fescue healthy and encourage a deep root system. It is a big thatch producer and requires much moisture. Fescues can be mowed from 3”-3.5”, while zoysia should be mowed at 1”-2”. I'd really like more info on eliminating the Bermuda. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. Unfortunately, sod growers produce only the most popular varieties which, except for a few, are mono-cultures. And grass growth even depends on the type of Zoysia or St. Augustine grass you choose. A golden-brown, crispy lawn in the winter is the norm with a warm-season grass like zoysia (Zoysia japonica). Emerald zoysia is a warm season grass prized for its tolerance of heat, cold, drought and foot traffic. Zoysia doesn’t need to be mowed as often as St. Augustine, and it is tolerant of a wide range of poor soils. Better yet, these species have a low fertilizer requirement. If your St Augustine grass isn’t growing as quickly as you like or is starting to turn yellow, it’s time to take action. It cannot thrive in areas where temperatures dip … Lawns made up of mixed varieties can improve hardiness. If you see a St. Augustine lawn, it is most likely to be Floratam St. Augustine. We are leaning towards St. Augustine because those lawns look better than the Zoysia lawns and it is less expensive. Because it is so aggressive, it must be mowed frequently to keep it under control. My brother has both in his yard and his experience has been that the St. Augustine is encroaching faster into the Zoysia than vice versa. With different blade textures and winter cold tolerances, these two grasses are not often deliberately grown together -- one species will be the weed and the other desirable. Dont know about your soil temps there. For most homeowners, St. Augustine grass is the go-to. You’ve probably seen fine, thin, dark-green grass that feels like soft carpet to the touch. It should be known that St. Augustines are the most shade tolerant warm season turfgrass varieties available. Your success rate seeding zoysia in an established lawn will be slim to none. This is because a lot more goes into the preparation process for installing Zoysia grass on a lawn. You will need to till the area, then put the zoysia down. It handles dethatching and aeration well, so if you top-dress each year with compost, you may be able to skip fertilizing and irrigation. Zoysia is a popular choice for homeowners because it can tolerate shade, drought, cold and traffic. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. With a mixed lawn you’ll have to work to two separate fertilizer protocols, as St Augustine needs more Nitrogen than does Centipede. You are suppose to allow zoysia to grow for two years before mixing it with fescue. The growth habits of Zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass are quite different. As zoysia is a slow-growing grass, it is … It does not hold up to foot traffic as well as zoysia, and it does not fill in as fast after aeration or damage. Mowing:Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. Zoysia grass enjoys full exposure to the sun and good amounts of rain. Most sites are a mix of conditions, so a suitable grass would logically be a mix of grass varieties. You should think about planting St. Augustine if your lawn drains well, receives consistent rainfall or irrigation, and has shaded areas. A St. Augustine lawn should typically be mowed at least once a week, whereas a Zoysia lawn can be left for up to two weeks without mowing. Correct. For instance- you have to lay a base that’s a mix of silica sand and Canadian peat moss. It will tolerate a wider range of temperature than zoysia, but it must have good drainage and consistent irrigation in order to thrive. Augustine yard out to Zoysia. Can I Mix Zoysia & Rye Grasses?. Zoysia does not typically perform as well in shaded areas, so growth will be limited by the factor of shade. St. Augustine grass grows best in the warmth of spring and summer, when high temperatures are normally 80-100 °F. And when well maintained, this grass can also look great on a property. This grass spreads through a system of stolons and rhizomes and turns brown during its winter dormancy period. They will be overtaken by almost any other grass variety that you plant nearby, whether it's a Palisades Zoysia, or a St. Augustine, or Bermuda. In Lake Wylie, without irrigation. Using the popular Zoysia Empire as an example, this grass establishes more quickly than some other Zoysia cultivars, is robust and creates a tight carpet of soft, green grass. Chokes Out Weeds Once established, the dense turf created by zoysia significantly reduces summer weeds. Planting zoysia grass plugs will take longer to covert to a complete zoysia lawn, but eventually the zoysia grass will overtake existing grass. If you do, note that Bermuda grass can easily outgrow St. Augustine grass … You can choose either of the two or mix the seeds and sod when planting your lawn. See also: The 10 Best Fertilizer for Zoysia Grass – … The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. What does that mean in comparison with St. Augustine Grass? No viable seeds are currently available. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. According to the University of Texas, this grass is native to the regions surrounding the Gulf of Mexico. Zoysia & St. Augustine Growth Habits. With dark green, medium blades, it is very durable and requires significantly less maintenance. It is a hybridized grass seed combining zoysia japonica and zoysia tenuifolia to create fine texture, more rapid growth and cold tolerance. It is slightly more salt tolerant than St. Augustine, which makes it a better choice in drier climates that may have salt buildup and less annual rainfall. I do not recommend overseeding warm season grass with cool season grass (fescue,rye) in the winter. Zoysia grass has more general maintenance requirements; given that it’s more vulnerable to diseases but requires less frequent mowing and fertilization than St. Augustine grass. Bermuda grass is second in popularity, and Zoysia (a fairly recent addition to Texas grasses) is gaining ground. It will not grow with any other grass to start with. Seed zoysia at 2 Lbs. Those other varieties will run right over the top of the fine-bladed Zoysia grasses because they grow so slowly. Expect slow germination, very slow without water. But that is up here in TN. St. Augustine needs more frequent mowing, irrigation, and fertilization than zoysia. Zoysia grass is more expensive to establish, compared to St. Augustine. The opposite has happened on the side of my office building here at Houston Grass. The Palisades Zoysia is one of the more aggressive growers so St. Augustine and Palisades Zoysia, they kind of duke it out. The landscape guy recommended Zoysia in the well shaded sections of the yard and said it is better shade tolerant than St. Augustine. While it’s not a grass that beckons a barefoot walk, we love that St. Augustine grass is reliable and low maintenance. In its optimal growing zones, this tough grass can deliver a beautiful, dense lawn with very little input from you. Plant St. Augustine grass plugs or sod in full sun, at least 90 days before your region’s first estimated fall frost, to give the grass plenty of time to establish. Click to see full answer. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. I'm sure fescue look's good in the spring and fall but you will never have nice grass in the heat. Of the types of grasses for Texas, St Augustine is a long time favorite. For best results keep these … Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. Warm-season grasses are generally creeping grasses, which means they send out runners to put down roots and establish new leaves. The growth habits of Zoysia grass and St. Augustine grass are quite different. © 2020 Taylor Anthony 365 All Rights Reserved. Also, because it is maintained at a height of 4 inches, it requires less mowing than other varieties. We say EMPIRE Turf is "Drought Tough". The most common warm-season species are bermudagrass, buffalo grass, centipede grass, seashore paspalum, St. Augustine and Zoysia grass. Also a black Lab that is always outdoors and kids that can’t wait for grass. Growth Habits of Zoysia and St. Augustine Grasses Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses, which means they have a similar growth habit. I mow three zoysia yards and I cut them at three inches. We need shade tolerance and wear resistance. And grass growth even depends on the type of Zoysia or St. Augustine grass you choose. All the major brands make fertilizers that work well for Zoysia turf. Zoysia is a more versatile turf grass than St. Augustine, and it is fairly low maintenance in the right climate. Zoysia likes to be fed regularly, and consistent fertilizing will keep its root system healthy and resistant to disease. When it comes to installing any type of grass or turf to your Florida lawn, our team at Taylor Anthony has you covered. Fertilizing Zoysia Grass. This is Zoysia grass, and there are several different varieties. The St. Augustine's lack of resilience combined with the Bermuda's unwavering attempt at world dominance, has brought me to accept both being in my lawn and pamper the St. Augustine more. Gardeners enjoy this grass type for its compressed grass blades that contribute a dense texture for lawns. Zoysia Grass is a popular choice for Texas homeowners, because it can adapt to various types of soil. Both warm-season grasses, zoysia and St. Augustine grasses relish warm soil and air temperatures. When to Plant St. Augustine Grass. Easy to maintain, and with a wide blade, it does lack some disease resistance and shade tolerance found in other types. Winter weed's in dormant zoysia can be unsightly. St. Augustine is a good turf grass for hot, humid, coastal climates with sandy soil. 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